of the Gulag
“The Communists saved our lives”
“My grandmothers and grandfathers stayed behind in Riga. They were all murdered in the ghetto.
You know, I want to stress the fact that we stayed alive thanks to the Communists. Because if the Communists hadn’t deported us, we would have died in the ghetto. My father would never have left, because my mother was very ill and they were very close; he would never have left her. That’s why the Communists saved our lives!”