Solidarité Ukraine
INED Éditions. Sound Archives, European Memories of the Gulag

#Legal  Notice


The Publication is aligned with INED’s commitment to promoting open science and the unrestricted dissemination of research publications and data. Furthermore, and unless otherwise specified, the texts and recordings published via the Publication are covered by a Creative Commons licence, as described in the section entitled “Content under open licence” below. Content for which the authors have not agreed to publication under a Creative Commons licence or could not be identified remains subject to the standard copyright terms set out in the section “Content under copyright”.

For more information on the licences and rights applicable to the site content, visit our dedicated page.

Intellectual property

The website is a creative work protected by French and international law on intellectual property. Any reproduction or representation of the website must be approved in advance by the Director of Publications. INED endeavours to verify the accuracy of informational details contained on the website and reserves the right to update, modify, or delete them at any time without notice.
The witness statements, articles, and images subject to copyright are published with due regard for the moral and proprietary rights of their authors as agreed. These works may not be modified once they have been published on the website.
INED may at any time decide to stop access to the website for technical reasons.
INED will not accept responsibility for any possible damage caused directly or indirectly by use of this website.


Hyperlinking by third persons to pages or documents on the website is authorized on condition that the website is not linked to any publication that is defamatory or insulting or that incites racial hatred. The third persons involved undertake to enable the user to identify the origin and author of the document linked to.
Hyperlinks from the website to external resources are not the responsibility of INED.

Protection of personal data

This website contains named personal data concerning the deportation of Europeans to the Gulag during the Soviet period. When the witness statements were collected, these persons expressly agreed to allow their data to be used later strictly for the purposes of publishing scholarly research.
Pursuant to French Act  n° 78-17 of 6 January 1978 on Data Processing, Data Files, and Individual Liberties, amended, any person whose name is cited has the right to access, modify, correct, or delete data concerning them. To exercise that right, any person may apply by post or electronic mail to INED’s data protection officer:

Lindsay Fusfeld
Déléguée à la protection des données

Campus Condorcet
9 cours des Humanités CS 50004
93322 Aubervilliers Cedex – France

Confidentiality policy

This confidentiality policy specifies the procedures INED uses to collect and process your personal data when you use the website.
We take the protection of your privacy and personal data seriously and use our best endeavours to ensure that your personal information is handled in compliance with French Act n° 78-17 of 6 January 1978 on Data Processing, Data Files and Individual Liberties, also known as the ‘Informatique et Libertés’ law, and with Regulation (EU) 2016/679 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 27 April 2016 on the protection of natural persons with regard to the processing of personal data and on the free movement of such data (GDPR).


What we collect :


Cookies that enable us to measure website visits and keep website use statistics. They are collected by an open-source analytics platform Matomo, GDPR-compliant and recommended by the French data protection agency CNIL:


What for?

Our cookies are used in aggregated form to help us understand how our website is being used. The data collected are not cross-correlated with other data processing tools, and we cannot monitor your browsing from a third-party site. The data are then used to produce usage measurements for improving the website: number of pages accessed, most popular pages, hardware used, time spent on the website, user’s geographical region, etc.

On what legal basis?

This data processing is based on the website publisher and manager’s legitimate interests and is compliant with GDPR Article 6.

How long are the cookies stored?

The cookies are stored for the legally sanctioned period (6 months after your website visit) and are then deleted.

What rights do I have to these data?

You are entitled to access, modify, correct, or delete the data collected. Please send any request concerning your rights to our Data Protection Officer whose name and contact details are given above.


Technical cookies necessary for the proper operation of the website and your ease of browsing. They are essential for providing any online service, such as security cookies (http cookies) and user-interface personalization cookies (choice of language, display parameters, etc.).

How can I refuse?

Because these cookies are essential to enable you to access the website, you cannot refuse them. However, you can block or delete them by changing your browser parameters.

What we do NOT collect:

We undertake that during your website visit we shall not place any cookies for advertisements, geolocation for commercial or publicity purposes, or social media cookies generated by sharing links. Our collecting of cookies and other tracking indicators is strictly defined by this confidentiality policy.

Scientific integrity officer and ethics committee

Should any plagiarism, unethical behaviour, threat to persons interviewed, failure to provide them with feedback, be detected, an official complaint may be made to INED’s scientific integrity officer or ethics committee. Their contact details are as follows:

  • Scientific integrity officer (Référent intégrité scientifique): Henri Léridon, (see also
  • Ethics committee: (see also 


Comité d'éthique et intégrité scientifique

En cas de constatation de plagiat, non-respect de règles déontologiques, mise en danger des personnes ayant donné des entretiens, obligations de retour aux interviewés, il est possible de saisir le comité d'éthique ou le référent intégrité scientifique de l’Ined. Leurs coordonnées sont les suivantes: